Services/Earth
Observation data and solutions

Glavkosmos provides a comprehensive range of services in the field of Earth observation. Data collected using the orbit satellite constellation meet a wide range of customers’ needs – natural resources monitoring, emergency analysis, forest management, environmental and construction projects. Glavkosmos offers a variety of tailored solutions for the customers: providing panchromatic and multispectral imagery, data collection and processing, data analysis, thematic information products based on Earth observation data.

The constellation of three Resurs-P and one Kanopus–V satellites proved to be highly reliably and effective, and they are in a great demand in the Russian and foreign markets.

«Resurs-P» and «Kanopus –V»
satellites constellation is:

Highly detailed and real-time data
for natural resources monitoring and management; man-made disasters and other emergencies prevention and analysis;
Effective solutions
for regional and local monitoring due to Resurs-P stereo-imaging functions (creating 3D models) and ultra-high resolution (up to 1.0 m);
Launch of the new Kanopus-V-IK version
with an infrared camera in 2017 gives new possibilities in emergency monitoring. The infrared camera will help to detect the origins of fires as small as five by five meters.
The significant increase of the Russian
satellite constellation by 2022 (including the launch of two Resurs-PM version with image resolution up to 0.5 m).

«Resurs-P» Earth Observation System

Resurs-P is a series of the Earth observation satellites made in Russia, by Progress space center. The first launch was conducted on June 25, 2013.

Resurs-P is designed for high-resolution observation in the nearly circular sun-synchronous orbit (average height of 475 km). The expected active lifetime is 5 years. Resurs-P operates in four imaging modes – target imaging, ground-strip imaging, stereoscopic imaging and ground areas’ imaging.

Key advantages:
1 м
High-resolution – up to 1.0 m
(panchromatic
mode);
2-3 м
multispectral mode
38 км
Swath (in nadir) – 38 km;
3D
Stereoscopic imaging,
creating 3D models;
RPC-polynomes – an instrument
for increasing accuracy and
accelerating data processing;
Hyper-spectral
imaging equipment.
Resurs-P optoelectronic devices provide the high quality and accuracy of data.
High-detail multispectral equipment provides high resolution of images up to 1.0 m in panchromatic mode and 2-3m in multispectral mode.
Wide-coverage multispectral cameras provide the imaging in swath range from 97 km (high-resolution cameras) to 441 km (medium-resolution cameras)
Hyper-spectral devices with more than 90 spectral channels provide the imaging in visible and near infrared ranges. Hyper-spectral information is important for different solutions – water pollution assessment (chemical, biological, mechanical); soil classification and salinity; soil fertility and mineral composition assessment; pollutant leaks and emissions monitoring; garbage dumps detection; garbage dumps size and composition assessment; geological exploration.
Hyper-spectral information is important for various solutions, in particular for the assessment of water pollution (chemical, biological, mechanical);
Soil classification and salinity; soil fertility and the assessment of mineral composition;
Pollutant leaks and emissions monitoring; garbage dumps detection; assessment of the garbage dumps size and composition;
Geological exploration.
EXAMPLES OF PRACTICAL APPLICATION OF «RESURS-P SATELLITE»
The images received by the Resurs-P satellite were used in 2015 for updating the cartographic base of Samara region. In addition, these images were used for the agricultural purposes: determination of the fields and crops.
The Resurs-P satellites are also used by various ministries of the Russian Federation: the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment, the Ministry for Civil Defence, Emergencies and Elimination of Consequences of Natural Disasters, the Ministry for Agriculture, the Federal Agency for Fishery, the Hydrometeorological Centre of Russia, the Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography. The key purposes are monitoring of the geophysical processes on the earth’s surface, environmental control and protection, flood and fire control.
The Resurs-P №2 satellite, launched to orbit on 26 December 2014, was equipped with the onboard radio complex for receiving the radio signals from the ships and for the automatic identification of the ships.

«Kanopus-V» Earth Observation Satellite

Kanopus-V is an Earth observation satellite manufactured by the Russian company VNIIEM Corporation (‘Research and Production Corporation “Space Monitoring Systems, Information & Control and Electromechanical Complexes”) in cooperation with the British company Surrey Satellite Technology Limited. The first launch was conducted on July 22, 2012.

The satellite is delivered to the circular sun-synchronous orbit at the altitude of 675 km. The active lifetime is 5 years. The maximum resolution of the panchromatic camera is 2.5 m, multispectral camera is 12 m. The swath is up to 23 km (in panchromatic mode).

PROSPECTS

The launch of the new Kanopus-V-IK version with an infrared camera is scheduled for 2017. According to experts’ estimates, the new equipment will help to detect the origins of fires as small as five by five meters. The swath of the multi-channel radiometer of the mid- and far-infrared ranges is supposed to be 2,000km.

Applications:

Geomarketing research
Evaluation of retail real estate locations.
NATURAL RESOURSES
Exploration of natural resources; information support for minerals exploration.
Ecology
Monitoring of environmental pollution and degradation , water protection districts and nature reserves, detection of illegal crops of narcotic plants and control of their destruction.
Emergencies
Emergency monitoring
Construction
Information support for engineering works; social and economic infrastructure monitoring; development and update of the cadastral plans.
Forest management and agriculture
Determination of vegetation type and status, contamination composition on the water surface; minerals and soil identification; control of illegal deforestation.
Ice conditions
Ice conditions assessment.
Cartography
Development and update of topographic and navigation maps.