The Soyuz-2.1b launch vehicle successfully launched from the Vostochny Cosmodrome


Today, 5 July 2019, the Soyuz-2.1b LV was successfully launched from the Vostochny Cosmodrome with the Fregat upper-stage, Meteor-M №2-2 spacecraft and 32 piggyback satellites. Within 4,5 hours after the launch the satellites were deployed into the operational orbits.

The Soyuz-2.1b LV (JSС SRC Progress) and the Fregat upper-stage (NPO Lavochkin) performed normally. In accordance to the flight program Fregat injected primary and piggyback payload satellites into three different orbits. On completion of the flight program the Fregat upper stage re-entered the atmosphere at 14:00 Moscow time and splashed down in a non-navigable region of the Pacific Ocean.

Meteor-M №2-2 (JSC VNIIEM Corporation) is a remote sensing satellite, designed for observation of clouds, Earth surface and ice/snow mantle in visible, UV and microwave spectre range. It is able to obtain data on the temperature of the sea surface and the state of the ozone layer and to determine humidity levels. These data will help to improve the accuracy of meteorological forecasts on the territory of the Russian Federation.

In line with Glavkosmos’ contracts 29 satellites were successfully launched in the interest of Germany, France, United States, Israel, UK, Sweden, Finland, Thailand, Ecuador, Czech Republic and Estonia. Besides, within the program of Roscosmos Space State Corporation on the development and launch of small satellites developed by Russian universities, three research and education CubeSats were launched jointly with the “METEOR-M” No. 2-2: “Socrates” (designed by SINP MSU), “VDNKH-80” (designed by SINP MSU – VDNKH) and “AmurSat” (designed by AmSU).

The Fregat upper-stage formed three different orbits to secure the most accurate and rational deployment, in line with the satellites mission. The first orbit is sun-synchronous one with 828 km altitude and 98.57 deg. inclination. The second one is at 580 km altitude with 97.7 deg. inclination. Some satellites were also deployed at 530 km altitude and 97.5 deg. inclination.

All satellites successfully separated from the Fregat upper-stage at targeted orbits. Further on, smallsats will be operated by the launch customers.

Glavkosmos is a subsidiary of Roscosmos State Space Corporation. The main mission of the company is promotion of the achievements of the Russian space industry to the world market and managing complex international projects. For more than thirty-year history of the company over 120 international contracts have been successfully fulfilled, including launching of more than 140 satellites as secondary payload.

Roscosmos State Space Corporation ensures the implementation of the Russian government’s space program and its legal regulation. Roscosmos also places orders for the development, manufacture and supply of space equipment and space infrastructure facilities. The state corporation is responsible for international space cooperation and tasked with setting the stage for the further application of space activities outputs in the social and economic development of Russia.

Interesting facts 1/3
On July 15, 1975 Soyuz-19 spaceship was lifted aboard Soyuz-U launch vehicle. It was the first international space flight with the docking of Apollo, a US spaceship. The famous Soyuz-Apollo docking was a historical event and a symbol of rapprochement between the two superpowers in the period of détente during the long-lasting Cold War.
Interesting facts 2/3
On April 4, 2019, Glavkosmos JSC, under a contract with Arianespace, launched four communication satellites of O3b Networks, a subsidiary of Luxembourg-based satellite communications operator SES. The name O3b stands for “Other 3 billions”, which refers to the world's population, where broadband Internet is not available right now. Thanks to the O3b satellites, the Internet will come to them.
Interesting facts 3/3
Soyuz-2.1a became the first rocket launched from the new Russian space center Vostochny. The historical launch was conducted on April 28, 2016.