In 2017 in collaboration with ISC Kosmotras Glavkosmos has created a new company – the operator of commercial launches of Soyuz – 2 family launch vehicles GK Launch Services.
GK Launch Services is a commercial operator authorized to conclude contracts for rendering commercial launch services to satellites with the use of Soyuz-2 family launch vehicles from the Russian launch sites. Along with that, the company is involved in potential return of Dnepr LV (converted RS-20 rocket) to the commercial market.
GK Launch Services (www.gklaunch.ru) is also a single point of contact for Glavkosmos on all pre-contract negotiations and proposals related to the secondary payload launches to go with Roscosmos federal missions.
Soyuz-2 is a new generation of medium-class launchers based on the world’s longest operating civil Soyuz launcher. It incorporates innovative solutions and national achievements in launch vehicle building. Soyuz-2 features an increased power capacity, modern control system and eco-friendly propellant.
Soyuz-2 launcher with the Fregat upper stage provides payload injection into the most demanded orbits today: a low-Earth orbit, a sun-synchronous orbit, a geostationary transfer orbit, a geostationary orbit, and interplanetary orbits.
Soyuz-2 / Fregat launch system provides launching of satellite constellations and their further delivery to various orbits.
« Soyuz 2.1 а »
« Soyuz 2.1 b »
Fregat multi-purpose upper stage has been used since 2000 as a part of the launchers for delivering the spacecrafts to various orbits. It is manufactured by NPO Lavochkin.
As of May 2016, 58 launches of various Fregat modifications were executed with orbital insertion of more than 100 Russian and foreign satellites.
Based on the RD0106 engine of the R-9A ballistic missile, the RD0110 engine was developed for the 3rd stages of the Molnia, Voskhod, and Soyuz launchers which have enabled ascension of the automatic interplanetary stations to Mars and Venus, delivery of spaceships with two- and three-man crew to the low-Earth orbits. This engine is also used for the delivery of astronauts and cargo to the International Space Station, and for an orbital insertion of spacecraft under the state and commercial missions.
RD0124 (14D23) engine was developed to replace the RD0110 engine; it is more efficient and comparable with the level of the world’s best technical solutions. This engine is used for Soyuz-2 launches from the Russian space centers and Kourou space center in French Guiana (Guiana Space Center).
The RD-107 (for the 1st stage) and RD-108 (for the 2nd stage) engines were designed for the first intercontinental ballistic missile R-7 and Vostok, Voskhod, Molnia and Soyuz families of launchers. The use of these engines facilitated the successful launch of the first Earth artificial satellite in October 1957 and the first human space flight in April 1961. The engines enable implementation of LV missions under the Russian Federal Space Program, flights to the International Space Station (ISS) and under commercial projects.
Vostochny is a first civilian space center. The area is 700 km². First launch was conducted on April, 28, 2016.
Baikonur is the world’s largest cosmodrome and a leader in space launches. Baikonur has a great historical meaning. This space center was used for launching the first artificial Earth satellite and the first human space flight.
The complex is leased by Russia from Kazakhstan for the period up to 2050. Its area is 6,717 km². The first space launch was conducted on October 4, 1957.
A former military center Plesetsk was transformed into a cosmodrome as a result of expansion of the Soviet Space Program. This space center is now used for spacecraft launching and missile system testing.
The first space launch was conducted on March 17, 1966. The area of the cosmodrome is 1,762 km².