Observation data and solutions

Glavkosmos is the official distributor of earth remote sensing data from the Russian satellite constellation. To solve the widest range of customer’s tasks – monitoring of natural resources, analysis of emergency situations, – as well as the implementation of projects of forest management, ecology, construction, the data of Russian satellite constellation of the Earth are used. This provides a full cycle of work: the implementation of shooting in different modes, data reception, image processing, analysis and decryption of data, providing thematic information products based on remote sensing data. “AIST-2D”, “Resurs-P” and “Canopus-B” have successfully proved to be in operation and are in demand both in the Russian and international markets.


Earth Observation System «Resurs-P»

Resurs-P is a series of the Earth observation satellites made in Russia, by Progress space center. The first launch was conducted on June 25, 2013.

Resurs-P is designed for high-resolution observation in the nearly circular sun-synchronous orbit (average height of 475 km). The expected active lifetime is 5 years. Resurs-P operates in four imaging modes – target imaging, ground-strip imaging, stereoscopic imaging and ground areas’ imaging.

General characteristics:
1 m
Resolution, Pan
3-4 m
Resolution, MS
Spectral channels
SSO (475 km, 97.28°)
38 km
Swath width

Earth Observation System «Kanopus-V»

Kanopus-V is an Earth observation satellite manufactured by the Russian company VNIIEM Corporation (‘Research and Production Corporation “Space Monitoring Systems, Information & Control and Electromechanical Complexes”) in cooperation with the British company Surrey Satellite Technology Limited. The first launch was conducted on July 22, 2012.

The satellite is delivered to the circular sun-synchronous orbit at the altitude of 675 km. The active lifetime is 5 years. The maximum resolution of the panchromatic camera is 2.5 m, multispectral camera is 12 m. The swath is up to 23 km (in panchromatic mode).


The launch of the new Kanopus-V-IK version with an infrared camera is scheduled for 2017. According to experts’ estimates, the new equipment will help to detect the origins of fires as small as five by five meters. The swath of the multi-channel radiometer of the mid- and far-infrared ranges is supposed to be 2,000km.

General characteristics:
2.5 m
Resolution, Pan
12 m
Resolution, MS
Spectral channels
SSO (512 km, 97.45°)
23 km
Swath width

Earth Observation System «Aist-2D»

AIST-2D is intended for scientific experiments, as well as for testing and certification of the target equipment for remote sensing of the Earth (RS) providing equipment and their software for further use in advanced developments of JSC “SRC “Progress” (Russia).

General characteristics:
1.5 m
Resolution, Pan
4.5 m
Resolution, MS
Spectral channels
SSO (490 km, 97.28°)
41.3 km
Swath width


Geomarketing research
Evaluation of retail real estate locations.
Exploration of natural resources; information support for minerals exploration.
Monitoring of environmental pollution and degradation , water protection districts and nature reserves, detection of illegal crops of narcotic plants and control of their destruction.
Emergency monitoring
Information support for engineering works; social and economic infrastructure monitoring; development and update of the cadastral plans.
Forest management and agriculture
Determination of vegetation type and status, contamination composition on the water surface; minerals and soil identification; control of illegal deforestation.
Ice conditions
Ice conditions assessment.
Development and update of topographic and navigation maps.
Interesting facts 1/3
On July 15, 1975 Soyuz-19 spaceship was lifted aboard Soyuz-U launch vehicle. It was the first international space flight with the docking of Apollo, a US spaceship. The famous Soyuz-Apollo docking was a historical event and a symbol of rapprochement between the two superpowers in the period of détente during the long-lasting Cold War.
Interesting facts 2/3
On April 4, 2019, Glavkosmos JSC, under a contract with Arianespace, launched four communication satellites of O3b Networks, a subsidiary of Luxembourg-based satellite communications operator SES. The name O3b stands for “Other 3 billions”, which refers to the world's population, where broadband Internet is not available right now. Thanks to the O3b satellites, the Internet will come to them.
Interesting facts 3/3
Soyuz-2.1a became the first rocket launched from the new Russian space center Vostochny. The historical launch was conducted on April 28, 2016.